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                      史上第3位诺贝尔物理奖女性获奖演讲

                      所属教程:英语演讲集萃

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                      qinting

                      2019年03月26日

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                      扫描二维码?#22870;?#23398;习和分享

                      Your Majesties, Your Royal Highnesses, Your excellencies

                      尊敬的陛下 诸位位殿下及阁下

                      Dear laureates

                      亲爱的各位获奖者

                      Ladies and gentlemen

                      女士们 先生们

                      It is my honor to represent the Nobel Prize in Physics 2018

                      我很荣幸能够代表2018年诺贝尔物理学奖的得主们来发表演讲

                      and speak on behalf of Arthur Ashkin and Gerard Mourou

                      他们是我最尊敬的同事 阿瑟·阿?#27493;?#21644;热拉尔·穆鲁

                      my esteemed colleagues with whom I share the prize

                      我?#36864;?#20204;共同分享这一奖项

                      Arthur Ashkin can one-half of it this year

                      阿瑟·阿?#27493;?#33719;得了今年物理学奖金的一半

                      and so he should be the one giving this speech

                      所以他才是应?#32654;?#21457;表这个演讲的人

                      Unfortunately he could not join us for this incredible celebration

                      但遗憾的是 他无法参加这场激动人心的庆祝活动

                      Gerard and I want to add our congratulations to Arthur for his remarkable invention of laser tweezers

                      热拉尔和我想对阿瑟的卓越发明 即激光镊子 表示热烈的祝贺

                      that can trap living cells and wind up molecular motors

                      它的作用是捕获活细胞 并使分子马达运转起来

                      We wish Arthur could be here

                      我们都很希望今天阿瑟能在现场

                      As has been pointed out I joined Marie Curie and Maria Goeppert-Mayer

                      如所指出的那样 我是居里夫人和玛丽亚·格佩特-梅耶之后

                      as the only women to win this prize

                      第三个获得诺贝尔物理学奖的女性

                      I am humbled to be in their company

                      能够加入她们的队列中实在是受宠若惊

                      Marie Curie is in a class all her own as the first female winner

                      居里夫人是独树一帜的 她是有史以来第一位女性获奖者

                      and still the only person to win the Nobel Prize in two different science categories

                      也是迄今为止唯一一个在两个不同的科学领域都获得过诺贝尔奖的人

                      An astounding scientist

                      她是一位令人所有人震惊的科学家

                      For her PhD Maria Goeppert-Mayer absolutely--

                      玛丽亚·格佩特-梅耶在她的博士生涯中--

                      Maria Goeppert-Mayer a theoretical physicist came up with the idea of multi photon physics

                      玛丽亚是位理论物理学家 她提出了多光子物理学的概念

                      that means an atom absorbs two or more photons simultaneously

                      意思是一个原子可以同时吸收两个或更多的光子

                      She made the prediction without any experimental evidence

                      她在没有任何实验证据的情况下做出了这个预测

                      and in fact it would be another 30 years before I didn't want to observe the effect

                      事实上 再过30年我就不想观察这个效果了

                      I cited her theory in my PhD thesis more than fifty years later

                      在她获奖的50多年后 我在自己的博士论文中引用了她的理论

                      And as for me

                      至于我个人的经历

                      When I was in grad school working on the project for which Gerard and I are being honored

                      当我还在研究院和热拉尔一起 进行着我们都很自豪的项目时

                      Cyndi Lauper had a big hit

                      那个时候 辛迪·劳帕大受?#38431;?/p>

                      "Girls just want to have fun"

                      她说过一句话 “女孩?#29992;?#21482;想要玩得开心”

                      but they wanted to wait until the working day is done

                      但她们想等到工作日结束后才去享受狂欢

                      but I want to have fun while I'm working

                      我不一样 我想在工作的时候就从中感受到乐趣

                      Now not everyone thinks physics is fun

                      如今不是所有人都认为 物理是有趣的

                      but I do

                      但我确实认为它很有趣

                      I think experimental physics is especially fun

                      特别是实验物理学

                      because not only do you get to solve puzzles about the universe or here on earth

                      因为你不仅能解开遥远的宇宙或是近在咫尺的地球上的谜团

                      There are really cool toys in the lab

                      还能使用实验室里那些超级酷?#35834;?#29609;具

                      In my case I get to play with high intensity lasers that can do magical things

                      以我自己为例 我可以玩高强度激光 这种激光能实现很神奇的事情

                      like take one color of laser light and turn it into a rainbow of colors

                      比如我们可以取一种颜色的激光 然后把它变成彩虹的颜色

                      Just one of the amazing things we get to see in our laser labs

                      这只是我们在激光实验室里能看到的令人惊叹的事情之一

                      Gerard Mourou, who was my PhD supervisor

                      热拉尔·穆鲁是我的博士生导师

                      dreamed up the idea of increasing laser intensity by orders of magnitude

                      他提出了将激光强度提高几个数?#32771;?#30340;主意

                      He did it while he was on a ski trip with his family

                      他是在和家人去滑雪旅行的时候 想出这个点子的

                      He probably shouldn't have been thinking about lasers

                      他不应该在那种时候还想着激光

                      He just couldn't help himself

                      但他就是忍不住

                      It was my job to take sure our beautiful idea and make it a reality

                      我的工作是确保我们美好的想法能够成为现实

                      I built a pulse stretcher, then a laser amplifier

                      为此我做了一个脉冲拉伸器 然后是激光放大器

                      and then finally a pulse compressor

                      最终 我做出了一个脉冲压缩机

                      To do so, I had to learn to cleave optical fiber, machine, a lot of parts, do a lot of plumbing

                      为此 我必须学会如何切割光纤 机器及其零件 做很多的管道工作

                      Are you feeling the fun?

                      你们能感受到这其中的乐趣吗?

                      I had to measure the pulse durations and the frequency spectrum

                      我必须测量脉冲的?#20013;?#26102;间和频谱

                      Not all of the measurements show what we expected

                      不是所有的测量结果都是我们期望所得到的

                      We had to figure out the problems and then away around them

                      我们需要?#39029;?#36825;其中的问题 然后避免再次出现同样的错误

                      That was the fun part

                      而这就?#20146;?#26377;趣的部分

                      That all took about a year then it was finally time to measure the duration of the compressed amplified pulses

                      花了大约一年的时间 我们才终于能去测量压缩放大脉冲的?#20013;?#26102;间

                      and I had no way to measure it

                      但我?#20063;?#21040;办法去测量它

                      Steve Williamson my colleague had the way

                      我的同事史蒂夫·威廉姆森?#19994;?#20102;方法

                      and he wheeled history camera into my lab one night

                      一天晚上 他把?#19978;?#20202;推进了我的实验室

                      and together we measured the compressed pulse width of the amplified pulses

                      我们一起测量了放大脉冲的压缩脉冲宽度

                      I will never forget that night

                      我永远都忘不?#22235;?#20010;夜晚

                      It is truly an amazing feeling when you know that you have built something that no one else ever has

                      当你知道你做出了别人?#28216;词?#29616;的东西时 那?#25351;?#35273;真的超级棒

                      and it actually works

                      并且它真的成功了

                      There really is no excitement quite like it

                      我想再也没有哪个时刻?#20154;?#26356;令我感到激动了

                      except for maybe getting woken up at 5:00 in the morning

                      当然 除了早上5点被吵醒

                      because the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences also thinks

                      然后瑞典?#22987;?#31185;学院通知?#19994;?#22870;了的那一刻

                      it was an exciting moment for the field of laser physics

                      他们也认为 对于激光物理学?#27492;?这的确是个激动人心的时刻

                      So on behalf of Arthur Ashkin, Gerard Mourou and me

                      所以在此我代表 阿瑟·阿?#27493;?热拉尔·穆鲁和我自己

                      Thank you to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the Nobel foundation

                      ?#34892;?#29790;典?#22987;?#31185;学院和诺贝尔基金会

                      for honoring us and laser physics with this Nobel Prize

                      ?#34892;?#20320;们授予我们和激光物理学科这个诺贝尔奖



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