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                      课本中不会教你的[W]732 worthy,worth while,worthwhile和worth sb.'s while

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                      2019年03月27日

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                      732 worthy,worth while,worthwhile和worth sb.'s while

                      ① worthy是形容词,除作表语外,还可用作定语,意为“值得的,有价值的,值得尊敬的”,但不用于表示“钱”,而是表示某物或某事值得做,或者适合做某事,其结构为:

                      be worthy of+名词/代词

                      be worthy of+动名词被动式

                      be worthy+不定式。

                      The town is worthy of a visit/to be visited. 那座小城值得去看一看。

                      The job is not worthy of her. 这项工作配不上她。(这项工作太简单,而她则是个很有本领才华的人。)

                      She is not worthy to be my teacher. 她不配当我的老师。

                      The university has graduated many worthy young people. 这所大学培养了许多优秀的年轻人。

                      这部小说值得反复读。

                      The novel is worthy of being read again and again.

                      The novel is worth reading again and again.

                      The novel is worthy reading again and again.

                      那位英雄的勇气是值得高度赞扬的。

                      The hero's courage was worthy of high praise.

                      =The hero's courage was worthy of being praised highly.

                      =The hero's courage was worthy to be praised highly.

                      这项新的建议值得考虑。

                      The new proposal is worthy of our consideration.

                      ② worth while意为“值得”,worth为形容词,while为名词,worth while可以单独作表语。在It is worth while…句型中,worth while后可接动名词或不定式。

                      Buying the book is worth while. 买下那本书是值得的。

                      It is not worth while our doing. 这不值得我们费力去做。

                      It is worth while making the decision.

                      做出这项决定是值得的。

                      ③ worthwhile是一个词,为形容词,意为“有价值的,合算的,值得做的”,可用作表语或定语。

                      That is a worthwhile book. 那是一本很有价值的书。

                      Selling eggs at this price is not worthwhile. 鸡蛋卖这个价钱不合算。

                      ④ worth sb.'s while意为“值得(费事),有好处”。

                      It is not worth your while arguing with such a mean man. 同这样一个卑劣的人争辩不值得。

                      Perhaps it wouldn't be worth your while to go there. 也许你去那里没有什么用处。

                      If you do the job for her,I shall make it worth your while. 如果你为她做这件工作,你会受益的。


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